HISTORICAL HINTS

The first news about Chiaravalle dates back to 7th century AD. The historical roots of the town can be placed in 1172, when the construction of the Abbey of Santa Maria in Castagnola started. This Abbey had been built on the walls of a Benedictine monastic settlement, dating from the Queen Teodolinda’s period.

The forest of Castagnola, a few kilometres far from the Adriatic sea, in the centre of the important Esino Valley, enjoyed of an exceptional strategic position located between the Longobard dukedom of Spoleto and three important cities of the Byzantine Pentapoli: Jesi, Senigallia and Ancona.

In the Middle Ages Saint Bernard’s Cistercian Reform had transformed the monastery into a very important religious cultural centre, and we can say that the influence arrives until the modern period. In fact the modern history of Chiaravalle starts in 1759, when the tobacco processing starts with commendatory Cardinal Corsini’s authorisation.

This industry raised in a modest building, in the ancient monks mill along an artificial channel, while the tobacco cultivated in the countries fuelled a rich commerce.

The Tobacco Factory grew until becoming one of the most important industries of our region, allowing the birth and the development of what is nowadays the urban centre of Chiaravalle.

Piazza Mazzini

Among the famous people born in this city, we have to remember the great pedagogist Maria Montessori, born in 1870 and surely one of the world most important personalities in the field of infancy education. The national association "Opera nazionale montessoriana" is active also in Chiaravalle and recently Maria Montessori's birthplace has been bought to become a centre of diffusion of her thoughts and works.

In the contemporary period we underline the writer Massimo Ferretti (1935-1974) who has written prose and verse works, appreciated by Italian criticism and to whom the town Library has been named.